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转变雅思口语中的"空"话


摘要:在与学生的交流中,笔者时常能听到很多对特定问题的固定回答,例如说 Why do people like listening to music? 回答的点通常是 reduce pressure/ relaxation/ kill time 。 又如 What is the importance of learning a second language? 学生通常会说 better to commun

在与学生的交流中,笔者时常能听到很多对特定问题的固定回答,例如说Why do people like listening to music? 回答的点通常是reduce pressure/ relaxation/ kill time

 

又如What is the importance of learning a second language? 学生通常会说better to communicate层面的话。

 

像这样的情况还有很多,private cars通常大家能想到convenience; doing housework的普遍答案是independent; doing sports的惯有观点一般是build up our body.

对于雅思口语的各大类话题,似乎每一个考生心目中都已经形成了自己的标准答案。但是当真正考试的时候,考官还会不停地要问why, 要我们再举例,再具体说明,这可难倒了大片雅思大军,直至对西方的思维方式感到抓狂。其实,用中式思维也是一样的,放松身心,强身健体,方便快捷,独立自主都是一些比较“空”的话,考官当然不会喜欢这样的镂空回答。

 

当然从考生角度出发,笔者也很能理解大家的惯有想法:能用英语流利而完整地表达一定的观点,我们觉得我们已经成功了。但其实这个只是一个好的开头,这只是我们在通往成功的路上刚刚迈出的第一步。也就是说,我们只给出了自己答题的方向和立足点,沿路的风景如何,大家就一无所知了。

那应该如何从我们选定的方向出发,把表达的内容由“空”变“实”呢?这里朗阁海外考试研究中心给大家的建议是这样的,我们可以从optimize personal experience(优化自身经历)出发,也就是把观点联系自身实际,把抽象观点变实。以下笔者将主要给大家介绍三类话题的个人经历优化法回答。

 

1

音乐类

Q: Why do people like listening to music?

 

大家都喜欢音乐,这个无可置疑。喜欢音乐确实是因为reduce pressure/ relaxation/ kill time这样一些休闲放松作用。那我们为什么需要减压放松呢?

 

As a graduating student, I meet loads of deadlines from the assignments of the teachers. Meanwhile, it is really a tough time that I have to both preparing for my resume and go to different places to take the interview.

又要完成各个学期任务,还要准备简历,赶场面试压力确实很大。这应该是每个毕业生在毕业年都会遇到的情况,确实需要音乐。

 

抽象点+个人经历,那我们的答案就可以是这样的:

 

Well, I suppose that most of the people like listening to music cause it is a real good way to relax and reduce pressure. You know, as a graduating student, recently, I meet loads of deadlines from the assignments of the teachers. Meanwhile, it is really a tough time that I have to both preparing for my resume and rushing to different places to take the interview. Music, during the period, is a real good antidote to my stress and tight schedule. I think most of the people share the same feeling with me.

放入自己的个人经历,再来回答问题,就比较容易理解什么是真正的压力,什么是所谓的放松减压了。

 

2

语言类

QWhat is the importance of learning a second language?

 

确实,语言能让我们直接想到的方面就是communication。那如何把communication和自己的实际经历联系起来去丰富我们的对话,让考官感受到语言对个人的好处呢?

 

It is likely that, after mastering a second language, I am able to find a decent job easily in the international corporations. The reason is that I probably can be more competitive among all the candidates.

作为求职个体而言,如果能掌握好第二外语,相对来说去面试国际大公司的竞争力会强一些,这样不就是交流给我们带来的好处吗?

 

因此,对于上述问题,我们可以整合成这样的一个答案:

 

Actually, learning a second language is of great importance, especially for the people who are hunting for a job, of course, including myself. It is likely that, after mastering a second language, I am able to find a decent job easily in the international corporations. The reason is that I probably can be more competitive among all the candidates. So this is what I mean the advantage of learning a second language.

更好的交流对你来说的作用是什么?对我而言,一门好的二外确实可以在找工作上帮到我很多,这就是我所谓的语言重要性。

 

3

交通类

Q: Why do you want to own a car?

 

想要私家车,原因很简单,就是因为很方便?何为方便?这个太抽象了,是时间、还是线路、或者是使用上呢?总是得给听者一个具体的方向吧。

Actually, I live far away from my work place. Every day, it will take me roughly one hour and a half to go to my work place. Unfortunately, I always miss the early bus and be late for my work. If I could own a car, I do not have to wait for the bus; instead, I am able to go directly to my destination.

这个也是笔者的真实经历,一说到真实经历,就不会再感觉自己没什么可说了,一肚子都是苦水,很能让对方理解你的感情。

 

那把conveniencepersonal experience结合起来,我们就可以说得更具体点了:

 

I suppose that owning a private car will bring lots of convenience to my life. Actually, I live far away from my work place. Every day, it will take me roughly one hour and a half to go to my work place. Unfortunately, I always miss the early bus and be late for my work. If I could own a car, I do not have to wait for the bus; instead, I am able to go directly to my destination. I bet life will be easier than now.

Convenience是什么?就是不用等早班车,能够直接去目的地啊,这样上班生活就方便很多了。

三大类话题到此已经介绍完毕。大家会不会对于上述的问题也有一些共鸣呢?如果有,赶紧拿起手中的雅思材料,加入自己的个人经历。感受一下,自己的表达是否比以前更加自然、流利了呢?希望此文对大家回答雅思口语第一和第三部分的问题会有一定的帮助。