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雅思口语Part 3话题解析(下)


摘要:The Forth Example: Which do you think is better, studying in big classes or studying in small classes? 难点分析:这是一道套在个人观点里的对比类题目,考生需要比较的是两种学习模式哪种更好,相对开放的一个问题,可以根据自己的喜好选择,当然这里最重要的不

The Forth Example:

Which do you think is better, studying in big classes or studying in small classes?

难点分析:这是一道套在个人观点里的对比类题目,考生需要比较的是两种学习模式哪种更好,相对开放的一个问题,可以根据自己的喜好选择,当然这里最重要的不是立场确立,而是why。即不管你选择哪一个立场,都必须对于你的选择进行解释和细节补充,这才是考官想要的答案。那么在具体回答问题之前,老师为大家分别总结一下两种学习模式的特点。

Small classes: more class discussions/ students are more attentive in class/ students can receive more individual help from the teacher. Besides, in a small class, the students could have more interactive activities with the teacher and the teacher can give each student whatever instructions or help that they need.

 

语法补充:

each作为形容词,修饰单数名词,接单数动词

Each man carries his own bags.

Each of + 名词复数做主语的话,后面的谓语动词用单数

Each of them goes to a different school.

Big classes: more classmates/ lower costs/ can interact with many peers from different backgrounds/but will be lack of specific guidance

 

Sample Answer:

Personally speaking, I prefer small classes to big classes. In a small class, the students can have more interactive activities with teacher. That means they can have the deeper discussion which will be good for school work. In addition, students in small class can receive more individual help from teacher, that is to say, teacher can give each student whatever help that they need. I think that is exactly what big class never makes it.

 

对比类除了这种考法,还有一些经典的考题,例如:

Who do you think is better at learning a language, boys and girls?

这道题让考生比较男女,也是考官的常见问法,除此之外还有比较old people and young people。对于此类比较建议考生使用中立立场回答,不然会容易引起考官的反问,从而显得措手不及。回到这个提问,男生和女生谁更擅长学习语言,如果你说It really depends on their attitude and effort but not the gender应该完胜你单独选择任何一方来回答。

 

The Fifth Example:

Why do people buy new things?

这是Describe a small shop/Talk about your last shopping experience等购物类话题Part 3的拓展提问,典型的原因论述类提问模式,即考生需要总结出原因来解释考官抛出的问题。中国考生在总结原因的时候万年不变使用because, 殊不知稍微的加以改变就会make a difference. 例如你也可以说:

The reason why … is that ...

I guess this is probably because …

This is due to the fact that …

I suppose the reason has something to do with the fact that …

 

难点分析:考生可能会对buy new things的原因比较模糊,我们在总结原因的时候切忌模棱两可,考官想要听到的是有逻辑的原因论述,考生需要明确的给出2-3reasons, 再用补充说明的方式把不同的原因串接起来,这样就既可以显示出条理性,也可以体现出内容的丰富了。

 

让我们来看这道例题

Why do people buy new things?

原因一:the feeling of freshness

原因二:as the way to relax

原因三:satisfy the desire to buy

 

接下来看一下老师的sample answer是如何用补充说明的连接句来把内容串成一个完整答案,而且突出逻辑性的。

 

Sample Answer:

I guess the main reason why people like buying new things is that the feeling of freshness. Everytime you buy something new which puts you in a good mood. It’s just like the birthday gift, and you will feel so excited when you open the gift box. Also, some of people treat it as the way to relax especially when they feel down or stressful. It is reported that shopping or buy new things can improve the mood. In addition to what I’ve just said, some of shopaholics find that shopping can satisfy their desire to buy and make them feel right.

 

注解:

红色标注的部分就是起到串联作用的观点补充说明的表达,大部分的中国考生还停留在firstly...secondly...thirdly的阶段,相对而言显得比较死板而且教条。所以朗阁海外考试研究中心的今天给大家补充一些多种观点补充说明的连接句供大家参考。

So you can say:

As well as this, …

In addition to this …

Additionally …

To add to this …

Beyond that …

老外引出第一个观点时不会特别使用firstly这样直白的方式带入,往往取而代之的是不使用任何特定表达,而到了第二个观点引出才会使用also besides apart from that, 这一类表达可以很好地把不同的观点或原因串接起来,从而体现出完整性和逻辑性,建议考生牢记。

The Sixth Example:

Do you think e-books will ever replace traditional books?

这道题目是Describe your favorite bookPart 3拓展提问。这是一道套在个人观点表达里的预测未来提问模式,即考生需要对未来还未发生的事情进行预测并且加以解释。

 

难点分析:大多数考生第一次看到这个题目会纠结立场的确立,事实上这是一道开放立场的题目,即不管考生选择哪个立场都是可行的,关键就看你如何解释了,所以这道题原因论述的部分才是重点。那么问题来了,想必大多数考生都会考虑No的立场,从而用food for thought来解释为什么书本不会被电子书籍所替代。这样一来就会带来雷同答案的困扰,从而无法脱颖而出。所以如果今天用Yes的立场,从而用we should stop cutting down trees and protect our ecological environment来解释make use of electronic instead, 就会让考官眼前一亮了。我们来看一下Sample Answer

 

Sample Answer:

I do believe that in some ways traditional books will be replaced by e-books in the future. I see nothing bad about that. Because when we make paper, we need to cut down a lot of trees. Although some people think the use of recycled paper can solve this problem to some extent, but it will take a long time. So people still make paper by cutting down trees which destroys our environment. So I strongly suggest to stop cutting down trees and make use of e-books instead.

 

回顾文章中的六道例题,通过不同的题目让考生了解到了Part 3问题的常见提问模式,即利弊类,个人观点类,解决方案类,对比类,还有未来预测类。朗阁海外考试研究中心的也希望通过对于这六道典型题目的分析揭开Part 3的神秘面纱,从而帮助考生们积极应对。