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雅思口语Part 2关于事件与经历类的话题搭建


摘要:雅思口语Part 2关于事件与经历类的话题搭建 按照雅思口语Part 2的话题内容特征,我们将其分为以下几大类,人物类、场所类、物品类、媒体科技类、以及事件和经历类。每一季度Part 2考查的话题范围在50个左右,其中事件与经历类话题所占的比重最大,由于绝大多数话题描述

   雅思口语Part 2关于事件与经历类的话题搭建

  按照雅思口语Part 2的话题内容特征,我们将其分为以下几大类,人物类、场所类、物品类、媒体科技类、以及事件和经历类。每一季度Part 2考查的话题范围在50个左右,其中事件与经历类话题所占的比重最大,由于绝大多数话题描述较抽象,很多烤鸭往往处于此中有真意,欲辩已忘言的状态。接下来广州雅思培训将对此类话题的解题思路做一简单分析,供大家参考。
  大多事件与经历类话题的小问题中会包含以下内容,即:1. 什么事件,发生此类事件或经历的时间;2. 为什么发生,在哪儿发生?有谁在场?3. 具体发生了什么?4. 此事件的特殊意义或感觉。就此我们将其分成四个步骤作为此类话题的解题技巧:
  Step 1: say what it was and when it happened
  Step 2: say what it happened and when it happened and who was there
  Step 3: say what it happened
  Step 4: say why the event was special and how you feel/felt about it
  Step 1: say what it was and when it happened
  第一步解决时间表达方式
  In (month, seasons, years, a period of time) e.g. in December, in summer, in 2017, 用介词in连接表示一段较长的时间名词,例如年、月、季节。
  On special Days, On Christmas Eve, On my birthday, on a sunny Monday morning, 用介词On连接表示特殊的或具体的一天。
  At Christmas, At noon, at night, 用介词at连接表示较短的一段时间名词。
  During the Spring Festival, during the class, during the spring, 用介词during连接表示一个阶段的时间名词。
  还有一些表示时间的搭配:one day, a few years ago, quite a while ago, some time ago。
  Step 2: say what it happened and when it happened and who was there
  用被动语态描述这个事件发生的背景或者原因
  例句:The whole room was cleaned up by my assistant.
  The plan was designed by that company.
  用who介绍参加这个活动的人
  例句:The other members of our team were all my colleagues, who either worked in different apartments to me or were more senior managers than I was.
  Step 3: what it happened
  描述一件事情的sequence markers
  表示首先的短语:To start with, at the beginning, at first
  接着:then, afterwards, following on from that, in addition
  最后:ultimately, in the end, in one word
  有“立刻,马上”含义的短语:as soon as, immediately, straight way
  例句:To start with I felt very nervous, but after a few dances I felt relaxed and in the end had a really great time.
  例句:I remember studying by myself in my bedroom and feeling exhausted. It was the night before the exam. I’m not sure what happened next, but I must have fallen asleep. When I woke up, I knew it was the next day .Straight away, I ran out of the house without showering. By the time I got school, I was 20 minutes late for the exam. In the end, without surprising at all, I was rejected to take the exam.
  表示突然或意外的副词
  Suddenly, all a sudden, to one’s surprise
  out of the blue, surprisingly, unexpectedly, unbelievably
  Incredibly, the next thing I knew
  例句:My girlfriend had told me that there was a problem with our flat and asked me to come home quickly. Incredibly, when I got home I found all my friends were there, to give a surprise birthday party.
  Step 4: why the event was special and how you feel/felt about it
  描述时间和感觉的形容词
  1. 事件
  Interesting: funny, amusing, fascinating, curious, stimulating, thought-provoking, enlightening
  Strange: unusual, bizarre, weird, mysterious, peculiar, random, crazy, wild
  Surprising: amazing, astounding, astonishing, awe-inspiring, incredible, breathtaking
  Good: inspiring, life-changing, enjoyable, wonderful, fun, refreshing, encouraging, moving
  Bad: horrible, terrible, awful, depressing, unpleasant, frustrating, disappointing, embarrassing
  2. 感觉
  Embarrassed: frustrated, depressed disappointed
  Moved: pleased, delighted, reassured, satisfied, awe-inspired, inspired, stimulated, refreshed, enlightened
  Thrilled: enthusiastic, amazed, astonished, astounded
  Interested: fascinated, amused
  如何表达事件的重要性
  1. 名词+形容词最高级+I have been done
  This match was the best match I have been played in.
  This story was the most memorable tale I have ever heard.
  2. 虚拟语气
  If I hadn’t participated in the speaking competition, I wouldn’t have had the confidence to continue studying Italian.
  I wouldn’t have believed how stunning it was, if I hadn’t seen it with my own eyes.
  If I had known IELTS was this hard, I would have learned it earlier.
  If I hadn’t tried this food in person/in the flesh, I wouldn’t have believed there was such tasty food in the world.
  多数考生在准备Part 2时之所以逻辑混乱,讲起话来没思路,主要是因为考生只注重单词的表达,轻视句子与句子之间或是一段话的整体关系。以上四步,不论是从思路角度出发还是句子多样性的方面考核都是很好的切入点。
  掌握核心问题后笔者再采用十字法对Part 2事件类进行描述,十字法即对每道Part 2话题下面的四个问题逐一回答。
  举个例子:
  Describe a time when you prepared for a happy event.
  You should say:
  when this happened
  who you were with
  what you prepared for
  and how you felt about the event.
  1. when it happened
  I went to see a stand-up comedian.
  It happened about a month ago, on a weeknight, though I can’t remember exactly which day of the week.
  2. who you were with
  The way it works is that it’s an open mic. This means that anybody can walk up on stage and tell jokes, you put your name down on the list. If you tell some jokes you get a free drink.
  Some people were clearly better at it than others because they were less nervous and had better jokes. The final guy in particular was absolutely side-splitting.
  3. what you prepared for
  First, he was dressed quite strangely, with sunglasses and a brightly colored shirt.
  Secondly, his routine was full of subjects I’d never heard talked about before. He was making outlandish statements and talking about taboo subjects.
  These things are often only talked about in private, especially in China. This type of dark humor really tickled my funny bone and I burst out laughing.
  4. and how you felt about the event
  On the one hand, I felt kind of naughty and embarrassed hearing these things and laughing so hard at them. This is because some people could find them very offensive.
  On the other hand it was quite liberating to be able to enjoy this kind of humor and not be judged by the people around me.
  按照十字法罗列关键句型及词汇表达,一方面会降低考生跑题概率,还能帮助考生在练习过程中提高逻辑思路及流利度。
  再者烤鸭在拿到第二部分卡片题目后,按上述方式用十秒左右的时间想出描述的对象,想出素材后,就不要随便去更改,把bullet point写在纸上,越简单越好,中文、英文、画画都可以,只要考生自己看得懂就好,将四个问题清楚有条理地表达出来,就是考官喜欢的回答方式。