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【朗阁教育】雅思听力选择题小技巧


摘要:在做雅思听力选择题的过程中,很多同学会出现什么都没听到、听到片段词、选项都听到这三种情况。在没有完全听懂的情况下,怎么提高正确率呢?在审题预判这个阶段,我们怎么对选项进行有效判断呢?下面朗阁海外考试研究中心的老师将从选择题的出题规律上,给大家一些 蒙

 




在做雅思听力选择题的过程中,很多同学会出现什么都没听到、听到片段词、选项都听到这三种情况。在没有完全听懂的情况下,怎么提高正确率呢?在审题预判这个阶段,我们怎么对选项进行有效判断呢?下面朗阁海外考试研究中心的老师将从选择题的出题规律上,给大家一些蒙的best”的技巧,看看哪类选项容易入选,哪类选项排除的概率比较高。

 

1. 剑桥题目的选项出现too+形容词或名词结构,很少作为正确答案入选,同学们在看到类似选项时可以优先排除。大家可以通过例题观察这类选项的特征,以下表格里列出的选项均为错误选项

C4T2S2

14 A studying for too long overseas, 15 C their family puts too much pressure on them, 16 B their diet is too strict

C4T4S4

39/40 C too many fish F nets too  short

C6T3S4

33 B Neolithic boats  were too primitive to have been used

C7T2S3

24 C too cold for tourists

C8T3S3/S4

23 C The work was too physically demanding, 25 B His plans weretoo ambitious, 33 A Too few  managers ever do it

C8T4S3

23/24 D The activity is too demanding physically, 25 C The preparation for  seminars takes too much time

C11T3S2

14 C The number of  dentists is too low

 

特殊情况

C4T2S3 25/26 B Too fewpeople may respond

题干为针对调查问卷收集数据的缺点,虽然出现too限定,但是强调的是客观结果。

 

2. 选项结构出现绝对限定词很少作为正确答案,请见剑桥例题(以下表格里列出的选项均为错误选项):

C4T4S2

14 C extra only if they stay in a large room

C4T2S3

25/26 D It can only be used with literate populations

C5T2S2

12 B was the most skilled craftsman in the town, 14 A It has  received the greatest number of bikes

C5T4S4

33 B they take up very little space, 35 B they provide information unavailable elsewhere

C6T2S4

33 A only one person could be filmed

C7T2S3

33 A know nothing about the influence of handedness

C7T3S2

15 A all of your belongings C none  of your belongings

C8T2S2

15 A all the year round

C8T3S3

26 B so little money to live on

C8T3S4

32 C related to only a few contexts

C9T1S3

21 C the presentation was the best in his group

C9T2S2

15 A only group bookings are accepted

C9T3S4

32 C It was in a completely unspoilt area

C10T3S2

11/12 B It’s the  country’s largest conservation organisation

C10T4S4

32 C should only be developed for essential products

C11T1S3

26 A how few students managed to get A grades

 

特殊情况

C4T3S4 39 Which argumentwas used AGAINST having a drama theatre?

A It could be expensiveand no students would use it

B It could be a poor useof resources because only a minority would useit

C It could notaccommodate large productions of plays

虽然B选项出现绝对限定词only, 但同时AB属于相反选项结构,产出正确答案的可能性比较大。

 

C4T4S2 12 Travelitecurrently offer walking holidays

only in Western Europe

all over Europe

C outside Europe

原文:throughout the whole of Western Europe,we are planning to open our first center outsidethis area in the comingyear.

审题时按照经验BC是相反选项,会优先关注。但是可以看到C选项outside Europe这个范围是很大的,从场景考虑一般不作为正确答案(相似考点参见C8T3S4 32 A been done outside theUnited States 不选),同时注意题干出现了currently表示现在时的考点,选项时态需要保持一致,很容易排除C。所以AB相似选项就看原文最后限定的宾语,A是对内容上的强调,为正确答案。

 

C9T1S2 17 A championathlete will be in the shop

A on Saturday morning only

Ball day Saturday

C for the whole weekend

正确答案是A, 注意AB属于相似选项范围,跟上面结构类似。

 

C6T2S4 31 Somephotographs of a horse running showed

all feet off the ground

at least one foot on the ground

C two feet off the ground

正确答案是A选项,表示客观事实描述。

 

C7T2S3 24 Dr Merrywhethersays that Antarctica is

A unlike any othercountry

extremely beautiful

C too cold for tourists

正确答案是B, 表示客观事实描述。

 

3. 选项结构出现比较级结构,很少作为正确答案,请见剑桥例题(以下表格里列出的选项均为错误选项):

C4T4S2

14 B only a little more than other clients

C5T2S2

14 B It has almost as many bikes as Amsterdam

C5T4S4

33 C they are more up to date than the  reference books, 34 B reading online is cheaper  than photocopying articles

C6T2S4

37 C making one of the  film reels more effective

C7T2S3

35 C more apes are left-handed than  right-handed

C8T1S3

21 C ought to include more information 22 B used more  paragraphs

C8T4S3

26 B They are more challenging than she  had expected

C9T1S3

28 A He reads faster than he used to

C11T1S3

22 C whether fewer women than men  study physics at college, 23 C their test results were lower than the male students’, 29 C improved the  results of men more than of women

 

特殊情况

C8T4S3 25 What does Dansay about the seminars on the course?

B The seminars make him feel inferior to the other students

正确答案B选项,表示个人的主观情绪描述。

 

C9T1S2 19/20 Which TWOpieces of information does the speaker give about the fitness test?

E It is cheaper this month

正确答案E选项,根据场景特点,符合题意。

 

C9T1S3 26 Why is Hirokofeeling more positive about tutorials now?

A She finds the otherstudents’ opinions more interesting

B She is making more of a contribution

正确答案B选项,AB同时出现比较级,属于相似结构选项,同时符合场景特点。

如果选项A, B, C都出现比较级,需要按照场景,根据原文意思选择。类似题目参见C9T1S3 30题,C11T4S3 27题,C10T4S4 32题。

 

4. 相似或者相反结构出现正确答案可能性比较大,出现相似结构大家应该优先关注区别点,请见剑桥例题:

C4T4S2

15 (B most nights, C every  night), 14 (B only a little more than other  clients, A the same as other clients), 20 (A  has been effective in spite of staff shortages,  C has suffered badly because of staff cut)

C4T3S4

40 B show Union Card on entering the building, C show Union Cardwhen asked

C5T2S2

13 A getting enough bicycles to  send regularly, B finding new areaswhich need the bicycles

C5T3S2

11/12 B good transport  links with central London, C near London Airport

C5T4S4

31 (A be shown round the library by the librarian, B listen to descriptions of library resources), 32 (A  internet materials can be unreliable, B  download information must be acknowledged), 36  (A to supervise and support library staff, B  to provide orientation to the library  facilities)

C6T3S2

11 A thought he might rent it, C was unsure whether to buy  it

C7T2S3

22 A provide expeditions with suitable equipment, B provide researchers with financial  assistance

C7T3S2

14 B already quite fit, C already very  fit

C8T2S3

24 A the country’s  economy would be affected, C certain areas of  agriculture would benefit

C8T2S4

36 B people do not like answering questions, C colleagues do not always agree

C8T3S4

32 B produced consistent findings, C related to only a few contexts

C8T4S3

26 A They are an inefficient way of providing guidance, C They are helping her to develop her study skills

C9T1S3

25 A They are polite to each other, C They  know each other well

C9T4S3

21 A completed a course, B done  two years of a course

C9T4S4

35 A wildlife problems  in rural area, B urban  animal populations

C10T1S3

11/12 C the indoor pool, D the outdoor  pool

C10T2S3

29 B the development of  archaeological methodology, C establishing archaeology as an academic subject

C10T4S2

11 (B It was convenient  for river transport, C It had a good position  on the sea coast),  12 (A the improvement in mining techniques, B  the increase in demand for metals)

C10T4S4

33 B could be seen as unethical, C ought to be continued

C11T2S2

11/12 B A different  type of seating has been installed, E Extra seats have been added

C11T3S2

12 A the construction of a bypass, B the development of cycle paths

 

特殊情况

C4T2S2 18 Loans are alsoavailable to students who

can’t pay their rent

B need to buy furniture

can’t cover their living expenses

原文:You can get double thatamount if you can’t afford an item of equipmentyou need for your course-a musical instrument, for example, when you move intoa flat,starting-up expenses, including furniture for it, can be covered by a loan through theWelfare Service.

AC属于相似结构,会优先关注,但是原文先是暗示:如果买不起课程需要的装备,可以申请双倍金额,说明贷款的对象比较具体,后面说搬入新公寓,家具初装费可以申请贷款,正确答案是B选项。

 

总结:

1. 很少作为正确答案出现:

too结构

绝对限定词或相对陌生词

比较级

 

2. 容易作为正确答案出现:

相似或相反结构:相同词,同义词,同根词,反义词