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雅思阅读经典易错题分析


摘要:朗阁海外考试研究中心的专家根据多年的教学经验,总结出了以下一些雅思阅读的经典易错题,将在本文中介绍给大家并作相应的分析,以供同学们参考。 1 判断题 There is a wider range of achievement amongst English pupils studying maths than amongst their Japanese

朗阁海外考试研究中心的根据多年的教学经验,总结出了以下一些雅思阅读的经典易错题,将在本文中介绍给大家并作相应的分析,以供同学们参考。

1

判断题

There is a wider range of achievement amongst English pupils studying maths than amongst their Japanese counterparts. (YES, NO, NOT GIVEN)

原文定位:

Large sample international comparisons of pupils' attainments since the 1960s have established that not only did Japanese pupils at age 13 have better scores of average attainment, but there was also a larger proportion of 'low' attainers in England, where, incidentally, the variation in attainment scores was much greater. (Cambridge 8 Test 4 Q6)

分析:很多同学把这题误解为英国小学生数学成绩比日本学生高,所以答案选NO。这题正确理解为:英国小学生数学得分跨度比日本大,比较的是range of achievement, 答案在原文but后面那句话:but there was also a larger proportion...variation...greater, 意为:但是英国学生低分比例更大,而且,顺便说一句,英国学生分数的变化也比日本学生更大。rangevariation同意,widergreater同意,所以答案选YES

2

段落大意题

Section E

原文定位:

It would have been easy to criticize the MIRTP for using the early phases a 'top-down' approach, in which decisions were made by experts and officials before being handed down to communities, but it was necessary to start the process from the level of the governmental authorities of the district. It would have been difficult to respond to the requests of villagers and other rural inhabitants without the support and understanding of district authorities. (Cambridge 7 Test 2 Q29)

分析:此类题最重要的是看懂选项,一般选项以两种方式出现:名词性短语和句子。如果是名词性短语必须理解核心名词的意思即作者强调的重点是哪一方面。IV选项核心名词是instructions(指令,指示),强调其重要性,译为:政府机构指令。instructions的同意词为decisions, 但是后面的but 推翻了前面指令的重要性,所以肯定不选IV, 答案在最后一句话It would have been difficult...without the support and understanding of district authorities. 强调的是地区机构的支持和理解,所以答案选X: Co-operation of district officials

3

摘要填空题

The Egyptians had 8_____, which could lift large pieces of 9______, and they knew how to use the energy of the wind from their skill as 10______. The discovery on one ... (Cambridge 7 Test 4 Q8-13)

原文定位:

Others feel there is more of a case for the theory. Harnessing the wind would not have been a problem for accomplished sailors like the Egyptians. And they are known to have used wooden pulleys, which could have been made strong enough to bear the weight of massive blocks of stone.

分析:Summary题特点是答案比较集中在2-3个段落,但不一定有序,其次答案一般是名词。所以只要定位准确,找个名词填上即可。Q10定位词有:they, energy, wind, skill, 所以定位点应在第二句:Harnessing the wind would not ....Harnessuse同意替换,意为:利用,使用,所以答案是名词sailors。题目意思是:他们知道如何使用风能,从他们作为水手所拥有的技能中得知。原文意思:利用风能对于像埃及人技能如此精湛(accomplished)的水手来说不是个问题。

4

选择题

The writer thinks that the declaration 'There is no bullying at this school'

A. is no longer true in many schools.

B. was not in fact made by many schools.

C. reflected the school's lack of concern.

D. reflected a lack of knowledge and resources.

原文定位:

Until recently, not much was known about the topic, and little help was available to teachers to deal with bullying. Perhaps as a consequence, schools would often deny the problem. 'There is no bullying at this school' has been a common refrain, almost certainly untrue. (Cambridge 6 Test 4 Q33)

分析:正确答案为选项D. lack of knowledge and resources, 与原文not much was known about the topic, and little help...同意,help表示资源的意思。整句话意思为:对欺凌话题不了解以及老师所获得帮助(资源)很少。

5

匹配题

Q15: Trevor Ford

List of Statements

A suggests that publicity about nickel sulphide failure has been suppressed

B regularly sees cases of nickel sulphide failure (Cambridge5 test4 Q15)

原文定位:

'what you hear is only the tip of the iceberg,' says Trevor Ford, a glass expert at Resolve Engineering in Brisbane, Queensland. He believes the reason is simple: 'No-one wants bad press.'

分析:因为坏的新闻被抑制了,所以听到就比较少,所以正确选项是Apublicity意为‘宣传’,suppress意为‘抑制’,整句话意为:关于nickel sulphide failure的宣传被抑制了,说明了没有人想要坏的新闻。