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雅思阅读判断题判断原则及考点总结


摘要:1 雅思阅读判断题的基本判断原则 很多考生会过分依赖参考书上列出的五花八门的雅思阅读是非无判断题的各种判断法则,有口无心地背诵十多种情况,以为这样就能提高是非无判断的正确率。殊不知,最精华的判断依据非常简明,剑桥慷慨地展示给了大家,却被很多考生忽略,所

 

1雅思阅读判断题的基本判断原则

很多考生会过分依赖参考书上列出的五花八门的雅思阅读是非无判断题的各种判断法则,有口无心地背诵十多种情况,以为这样就能提高是非无判断的正确率。殊不知,最精华的判断依据非常简明,剑桥慷慨地展示给了大家,却被很多考生忽略,所以我们不妨花些时间读读题。

1. 关于是

TRUE  if the statement agrees with the information

YES   if the statement reflects the opinion of the writer

agrees with the informationreflects the opinion of the writer就是对于什么是“是”最好的诠释。

A. 当题目中的信息与文章中的信息是同义或近义的表达时,答案为“是”

题目:Feeding increasing populations is possible due primarily to improved irrigation systems.

文章:Food production has kept pace with soaring populations mainly because of the expansion of artificial irrigation systems that make possible the growth of 40% of the worlds food.

这是来自7-1-2Question 22,题目和文章中的表达均为同义转换,故答案为“是”。

B. 当文章中的信息可客观推断出题目中的信息时,答案为“是”

题目:More than 320,000 tons of salmon were caught in Alaska in 2000.

文章:During 2000, commercial catches of Pacific salmon in Alaska exceeded 320,000 tonnes, with an ex-vessel value of over $US260 million.

这是来自7-4-2Question 18,仔细体会这道题,会发现,文章中的commercialPacific在题目中均未提及,但文章中给出的信息却足以推断出题目中的信息,故答案为“是”。

2. 关于非

FALSE  if the statement contradicts the information

NO     if the statement contradicts the opinion of the writer

contradicts the informationcontradicts the opinion of the writer就是对于什么是“非”最好的诠释。

A. 当题目中的信息与文章中的信息相反时,答案为“非”

题目:Industrial growth is increasing the overall demand for water.

文章:Although population, industrial output and economic productivity have continued to soar in developed nations, the rate at which people withdraw water from aquifers, rivers and lakes has slowed. And in a few parts of the world, demand has actually fallen.

这是来自7-1-2Question24,题目与文章信息相反,故答案为“非”。

B. 当题目中的信息与文章中的信息相对立时,答案为“非”

题目:The FAA was created as a result of the introduction of the jet engine.

文章:An accident that occurred in the skies over the Grand Canyon in 1956 resulted in the establishment of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) to regulate and oversee the operation of aircraft in the skies over the United States, which were becoming quite congested.

这是来自8-1-2Question 20,题目与文章信息并不相反,但信息相互对立,故答案为“非”。

3. 关于无

NOT GIVEN  if there is no information on this

NOT GIVEN  if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this

no information on thisimpossible to say what the writer thinks about this就是对于什么是“无”最好的诠释。

A. 证据不足,无法判断

题目:Turtles were among the first group of animals to migrate back to the sea.

文章:Turtles went back to the sea a very long time ago and, like all vertebrate returnees to the water, they breathe air.

这是来自8-1-3Question 31,文章中给到的信息并不足以对题目的信息进行判断,故答案为“无”。

2雅思阅读判断题考点总结

当考生对于是、非、无判断标准渐渐熟悉之后,在做题的过程中,如果可以更及时准确地发现常见的考点,并不断总结、不断思考和领悟,那么短期内突破是非无判断这种题型并不是难事。朗阁海外考试研究中心的们结合多年的教学经验,密切结合剑桥7-9的真题,将常见的考点及对应该考点的答案进行分类及相应例题整理,希望能够帮助考生们在最短的时间内领悟到剑桥官方出题的思路。

1. 比较关系

A. 题目中比较的双方和文章中的双方相同,且比较的结果相同,答案为“是”。

8-2-1

Question 13 Computers are better than humans at detecting faults in glass.

文章:Inspection technology allows more than 100 million measurements a second to be made across the ribbon, locating flaws the unaided eye would be unable to see.

B. 题目中比较的双方和文章中的双方相同,但比较的结果相对立,答案为“非”。

7-1-2

Question 21 Water use per person is higher in the industrial world than it was in Ancient Rome.

文章:At the height of the Roman Empire, nine major systems, with an innovative layout of pipes and well-built sewers, supplied the occupants of Rome with as much water per person as is provided in many parts of the industrial world today.

C. 题目中比较的双方和文章中的双方相同,但比较关系并未在文章中体现,答案为“无”。

7-3-1

Question 3 Ants can build large cities more quickly than humans do.

文章:When we survey Mexico City, Tokyo, Los Angeles, we are amazed at what has been accomplished by humans. Yet Hoelldobler and Wilsons magnificent work for ant lovers, The Ants, describes a super colony of the ant Formica yessensis on the Ishikari Coast of Hokkaido. This ‘megalopolis’ was reported to be composed of 360 million workers and a million queens living in 4,500 interconnected nests across a territory of 2.7 square kilometers.

2. 数字(基数词/序数词)

A. 题目中的数字与文章中提供的信息相同,答案为“是”。

7-2-3

Question 34 The survey concluded that one-fifth or 20% of the household transport requirement as outside the local area.

文章:Interesting facts regarding transport were found: 95% was on foot; 80% was within the locality; and 70% was related to the collection of water and firewood and travelling to grinding mills.

B. 题目中的数字与文章中提供的信息相对立,答案为“非”。

9-2-2

Question 22 Halley observed one transit of the planet Venus.

文章:Nevertheless, he accurately predicted that Venus would cross the face of the Sun in both 1761 and 1769 though he didnt survive to see either.

C. 题目中的数字无法由文章中提供的信息推断出,答案为“无”。

9-1-3

Question31 Turtles were among the first group of animals to migrate back to the sea.

文章:Turtles went back to the sea a very long time ago and, like all vertebrate returnees to the water, they breathe air.

3. 绝对词

A. 题目中的绝对词可通过文章中提供的信息合理推断,答案为“是”

7-2-1

Question1 Only two Japanese pagodas have collapsed in 1400 years.

文章:Records show that only two have collapsed during the past 1400 years.

B. 题目中的绝对词与文章中提供的信息相对立,答案为“非”。

8-1-2

Question 25 All aircraft in Class E airspace must use IFR.

文章:The difference between Class E and A airspace is that in Class A, all operations are IFR, and pilots must be instrument-rated, that is, skilled and licensed in aircraft instrumentation.

C. 题目中的绝对词无法通过文章中的信息得出,答案为“无”。

9-1-1

Question 5 The trees from which quinine is derived grow only in South America.

文章:At the time, quinine was the only viable medical treatment for malaria. The drug is derived from the bark of the cinchona tree, native to South America, and by 1856 demand for the drug was surpassing the available supply.

4. 因果关系

A. 题目中的因果关系和文章中的因果关系一致,答案为“是”。

7-1-2

Question 25 Modern technologies have led to a reduction in domestic water consumption.

文章:But since 1980, the amount of water consumed per person has actually decreased, thanks to a range of new technologies that help to conserve water in homes and industry.

B. 题目中的因果关系和文章中的因果关系对立,答案为“非”。

8-1-2

Question 20 The FAA was created as a result of the introduction of the jet engine.

文章:An accident that occurred in the skies over the Grand Canyon in 1956 resulted in the establishment of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) to regulate and oversee the operation of aircraft in the skies over the United States, which were becoming quite congested.

C. 题目中的因果关系无法通过文章中的信息推断出,答案为“无”。

5. 除以上考点以外的表语或宾语部分

A. 题目中的表语(或宾语)与文章中的信息表达方向一致,答案为“是”。

7-2-3

Question 32 Prior to the start of MIRTP the Makete district was almost inaccessible during the rainy season.

文章:When the project began, Makete District was virtually totally isolated during the rainy season.

B. 题目中的表语(或宾语)与文章中的信息表达方向相反或对立,答案为“非”。

7-3-1

Question 5 In one experiment, foraging teams were able to use their sense of smell to find food.

文章:Elaborate precautions were taken to prevent the foraging team using odour clues.

C. 题目中的表语(或宾语)无法通过文章中的信息推断出,答案为“无”。

8-1-2

Question 22 Beacons and flashing lights are still used by ATC today.

文章:As early as the 1920s, the earliest air traffic controllers manually guided aircraft in the vicinity of the airports, using lights and flags, while beacons and flashing lights were placed along cross-country routes to establish the earliest airways.

朗阁海外考试研究中心的们在此提醒各位考生:

1. 尽信书不如无书。直接的拿来主义不可取,别人总结出来的经验和技巧如果不花时间去揣摩、去领悟,非但不能帮大家做对题,甚至有可能会达到反效果,所以请各位考生不要死记硬背;

2. 熟能生巧。适量的练习可以提高做题的反应速度、敏感度、正确率,但前提是思路明确且清晰,切不可为了做题而做题,机械的练习无法提高正确率,反而有可能造成思维定式;

3. 融会贯通。优秀的人在第三次做同一件事的时候开始找规律,不同的文章虽然话题多样,但出题思路极其相似,有意识地找到题目之间的内在联系,定能事半功倍。