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2016年第一轮雅思口语换题(Part 1总结)


摘要:朗阁海外考试研究中心的专家们这次带各位考生一起看一下, Part 1 的题库长什么样子,并且为考鸭们解答,大家应该如何去准备口语考试第一部分的答题。 Part 1 是曾经被很多考生忽略的一部分,从而错失了在这一部分取得高分,给考官留下好印象的机会。大家想当然的觉得

朗阁海外考试研究中心的们这次带各位考生一起看一下,Part 1的题库长什么样子,并且为考鸭们解答,大家应该如何去准备口语考试第一部分的答题。

Part 1是曾经被很多考生忽略的一部分,从而错失了在这一部分取得,给考官留下好印象的机会。大家想当然的觉得,这一部分的题目是非常简单的,都是生活交谈类的问题,极少会出现听不懂答不上的问题。其实,考生忘记的是,这是一门语言考试,而非是非对错类考试,不管题目难易程度如何,你的语言却是时刻被考察的,再加上考官对于考生语言的第一阶段印象评定,往往就在从见面到Part 1结束的这五分钟之内。

当你还在纠结到底要用英音还是美音?具体该说哪个单词才能准确表达自己想说的内容?说出来的话是不是特别土气等等这些问题的时候,大家可曾思考过,在西方这样一个思维至上的社会,你的语言组织和筛选是不是符合英语的思维习惯,是不是考官听得懂并且想听甚至喜欢听到的呢?

本文中,朗阁海外考试研究中心的们就用最新的Part 1题库,来帮助考生们解答这些疑问,备考我们的口语题库。

一、Part 1题库组成

1常规类问题,包括身份(work/study),家乡,住所。

A. 信息询问类的问题,主要指Part 1每个话题的前1-2个问题,各位考试尽量用1-2句话把所有信息包含进去就可以了。

例如:

What subject(s) are you studying?→ I am currently studying engineering(专业)in Peking university(学校) for my third year(年级).

What kind of house/ accommodation do you live in? I am living in a four-bedroom apartment(房屋类型) in the southern suburb of this city(区域) with my parents(家人).

B. 细节询问类问题,主要指紧接着基本信息之后问出的关于某个部分的追问。

例如:

Which subject is your favorite?

Why did you choose to do that type of work? Well, first of all, it's major-related, as I studied engineering for more than five years(原因1, plus, I've always wanted to be a engineer because my dad have this huge influence on me ever since I was a kid(原因2.

Which room does your family spend most of the time in? My whole family like to watch shows and sports during dinner so we move the dining table to the living room(原因1, after meals, we always curl up in the couch, work, study or play games(原因2, and that's where we spend most of the time in.

C. 喜好/感受类问题,通常这类问题出现在该话题即将结束时。

例如:

Is your work/subject very interesting? I think it is, otherwise I wouldn't have chosen it in the first place(肯定或否定的回答). There are many ways to feel achieved and fulfilled during the process(原因).

Do you prefer living in a house or a flat? A house would definitely be better(直接回答), it would give me more space(原因), like a backyard to grow some vegetation and probably even a attic to display my collections(举例).

总结:常规类的个人信息问题在口语Part 1的考试中一定会出现至少一个。这类话题的答题相对简练。从思维上看,它并不需要绞尽脑汁去构思内容,大致上如实给出信息就可以了。因此,考官们便会对于考生们回答的语言增加关注。大家注意以下几点:

1)句子结构,能够汇总在一句话里面的答题内容,不要剪成几个极简单句去回答。

2)用词较简单的时候,尽量避免重复用词,多使用同义转换。

3)答题内容结构基本是:肯定/否定回答+原因+举例。

4)由于是个人信息类问题,所以在说细节或者原因的时候,可以带入家人亲戚朋友,来丰富你的答案。

2爱好类问题,包括物品和事件的询问:color, clothes, snacks, bicycle, handcrafts, music, dance, swimming, photography, sleeping, hanging out with friends, reading books, weekends。这类总结起来放在一起,对于内容准备上相对有困难的考生,是比较有效的。

A. 常规类信息询问

例如:Do you like swimming/ dancing/collecting things made by hand?

Dancing is basically my everyday routine and I enjoy it very much. The feeling of spinning around along the music is just magical, yes, dancing makes me happy.(肯定回答)

Not really, I've always lived in the mainland, actually the center of China, unlike seaside areas where people get many chances to swim or learn how to do it, but most important reason is that I got a fear of water because there was a small accident in my first time in a swimming pool.(否定回答)

B. 细节,类别型问题

例如:What kind of music/ color/ snack/ books do you like?这类问题在这里建议各位考生累积话题类词汇。

Like most of youngsters in my age, there is no doubt that pop music is my favorite, I follow the trend of it and I feel a deep connection with both the rhythm and lyrics of pop music.(普遍性的答案内容的结构参考)

I suppose most of the girls would be really into pink, but not me. I barely wear pink or by anything in this color. Black and white seem more suitable for me, so I would say these two are my favorite colors.(与大众做比较,突出自己喜好的不同类型的回答参考)。

C. 时间类问题(when/ how often)

例如:How often do you take photos?

Basically everyday, I shoot all kinds, people, food, buildings, street, sky and so, it's really convenient with a smart phone.(时间频率回答+举例)。

地点类(where),例如:Where do you like to go when you hang out with friends?

Mostly shopping malls where we can both shop and have dinner and KTV, sometimes outdoors like mountains but climbing is the only outdoor activity I enjoy.(地点+活动)。

原因类(why) 例如:Do old people sleep a lot? Why?

I don't think so, considering their age, I guess it could sometimes be difficult to fall asleep and normally they are the ones who get up earlier than the other family members as well.(原因+日常行为解释)

经历类(have you ever),例如:Have you ever been to a concert before

Never, you know it's a small town, besides my mood would probably be ruined by the traffic and crowd because it's always like that when there is a concert in China.

(现实情况+个人感受)对比类问题。例如:Did you wear the same clothes at school and at home?

of course not, my school require us to wear uniforms on school days, and I prefer to change into pajamas after I got home.(两边情况分别说明)

3地点环境类,包括countryside, parks, museums, sky, 其中sky是新题。

这类问题通常会问的相对深入,常见的是对比类以及利弊类。

例如:What are the benefits of living in rural area?

Honestly, I don't think there are many benefits of loving in the countryside of China, unbelievably inconvenient, because of the undevelopment of those areas regardless of living condition or working opportunity, but I guess in some countries, rural area provides a better environment and enjoyment for people.

如果考生觉得问题难度较大或者构思细节的时候会有问题,们在此建议考生尝试前面提到的否定回答方法,但是后面依然需要转回来,加上至少一点肯定的益处解释。

Do you think museums are useful for visitors to your hometown/ country

Sure, visiting museums may probably be the best way to get to know a place along with its history, besides, tourists always want to get some cultural souvenirs as gifts and that is why they need museums to help。(正面回答参考)

4人物,事件及新题汇集类,包括teacher, history, handwriting, studying efficiency, email and letter, social network, computer, time management, being in a hurry

例如:What historical event do you find most interesting? Can you name a person from history who you would like to learn more about? 这类问题,由于偏叙述类,所以需要结合朗阁海外考试研究中心的之前给出的雅思口语考试Part 2的一些答题要点,再加上各位考生备考期间好好准备素材,才不会在这些问题面前乱了阵脚。

另外,关于social network的话题属于流行类主题,涉及的问题包括电脑的使用用途,网上交友,聊天软件等等,题目不难,但是会让考生觉得很新鲜。

二、Part 1备考总结

总结起来,雅思口语考试Part 1需要各位考生注意的点包括:

1内容是饱满的,不管你对于考官问题是肯定还是否定的回答,你关于该话题的语言运用都体现在了你的答案里面。

2用词是准确而不反复的。一个简单的例子就是,对于考官的每个反问句,你的回答如果都是yes这个单词,那么,你的答案将会非常的乏味,一定要注意同义替换。

3除了个人基本信息类的问题,其他话题类问题的答案组成基本都是由直接回答+说明。这个说明包括:原因道理的陈述,个人经历影响,本人或者所在城市/国家现况描述,朋友或者家人的影响,个人感受等等。

4由于Part 1问的问题都比较个人,而英语是一门带有情绪浮动的语言,所以在考生们的答案中,可以尽量加入一些副词去加重你的情绪和立场,避免回答过于乏味。

5句子结构的转化很重要,不要总是以人物作为句子的开头,要把it is +adjthere be的句式穿插在里面。

6多用细节描述和对比的表达方式,让你的答案在考官脑子里有记忆点和重点。

三、注意自身语言能力的练习和提高

1发音要清晰并且准确。如果口语能力本身是偏弱的,你大可不必要求自己说到纯正的美音或者英音,但是一定要流利。

2小的语法错误虽然不会影响理解,但是请至少把最基本的人称代词和时态说准确。

3多用连词去讲更长的句子,说过的内容不需要不停地重复解释,犯了细节错误,在不影响理解的情况下,也没有必要从头开始重说,考试时长也是有限的。

4单词的使用一定要准确并且涉及话题词汇。

四、其他需要注意的

1进入考场的时候,一定要和考官打招呼,讲句“good morning, how are you doing, sir?”什么的都可以,让考官在第一映象上觉得你至少是非常乐于去用英语交流的。

2不用说得太快,正常语速就可以了。在思维和结构不混乱的情况下,尽量还是多说一点,即使某几个问题说到考官叫停也是没有关系的,多说一些和这个问题相关的内容,多举例子。