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如何运用剑桥真题的阅读文章提高写作?


摘要:雅思写作成绩在考生的四项成绩里面,往往是最低的,雅思阅读 7 分而写作 5 分的考生比比皆是。这到底是为什么呢? 朗阁海外考试研究中心分析认为,原因有以下几个: 首先,考生对中英文表达的准确切换没有理解把握好,里面充斥着大量的汉式英语。在和许多学生接触的过

雅思写作成绩在考生的四项成绩里面,往往是最低的,雅思阅读7分而写作5分的考生比比皆是。这到底是为什么呢?

朗阁海外考试研究中心分析认为,原因有以下几个:

首先,考生对中英文表达的准确切换没有理解把握好,里面充斥着大量的汉式英语。在和许多学生接触的过程中,很多同学去背诵一些所谓的雅思词汇却不知道如何正确使用,就会出现表达生硬,用词不当的情况。

其实所谓的难词并不是帮助学生在词汇方面获得的决定因素,而是准确恰当,符合英语表达习惯的词汇和词组才是关键。

其次,就是思路由于缺乏必要的知识面而无法拓展。事实上在烤鸭们备考的过程中做阅读得的同时也可以训练自己的写作方面。

 

那么该如何入手呢?

策略一:熟悉考试话题并摘抄有用词汇

比如下面这两道雅思写作真题:

Some people think they have right to use as much fresh water as they want, others, otherwise believes governments should strictly control the use of fresh water as it is limited resource. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

Some languages are increasing in use, while many others are declining. Do you think this is a positive or negative development?

显然,烤鸭们可以很快地说出这两个考题的内容与剑桥74上的阅读非常相近。

恍然大悟之余,这两篇文章中的优美词汇就可以做个摘抄:

比如说在剑桥7 Test1 Passage1中,文章的标题是Making every drop count, 说的就是要节约用水,有很多词汇可以摘抄:

manipulate water resource/ innovative layout of pipes and well-built sewers/ despite our progress, half of the world’s population still suffer/ more than one billion people lack access to clean drinking water/ some two and a half billion do not have adequate sanitation services/ the consequence of our water policies extend beyond jeopardizing human health/ more than 20% of all fresh water fish species are now threatened or endangered because dam and water withdrawals have destroyed the free-flowing river system.

同样,针对第二道题目,剑桥4 Test2 Passage1也可以为烤鸭们提供很多有用的词汇:

the native language is dying/ most of speakers are mid-aged or elderly/ Navajo is far from alone./ half of the world’s 6800 languages are likely to vanish within two generations/ never before has the planet’s linguistic diversity shrunk at such a pace / it was a mass extinction/ Navajo is considered endangered despite having 150,000 speakers.

好的词汇真是不胜枚举,朗阁海外考试研究中心的老师以上列出了部分与这两个考题相关的词汇是为了说明:烤鸭们要非常熟知雅思议论文所涉及的考点和话题,这样在做阅读文章后就可以对已经完成相关练习的文章进行话题规整并进行单词摘抄,同时又可以学到地道的表达方法,避讳中式英语表达。

 

策略二:写读书笔记

这样做的优点是可以把刚才已经摘抄好的单词学以致用:因为单词必须在特定的语言环境或语境下才能掌握,才能在考场时间那么紧的情况下完成相应的写作任务。

还是列举剑4的那篇文章,烤鸭们可以把这篇文章分为两个小点来写:造成濒危语言现象的原因及这样的现象带来的消极影响和如何保护它们。

事实上仔细看文章的话,这两个脉络非常清晰:

 原因

Navajo is considered endangered despite having 150,000 speakers. What makes a language endangered is not just the number of speakers, but how old they are. If it is spoken by children, it is relatively safe. The critically endangered languages are those that are only spoken by the director of the …/ why do people reject the languages of their parents? It begins with a crisis of confidence when a small group finds itself alongside a larger, wealthier society/ people lose faith in their culture/ they can not refuse to speak English if most commercial activity is in English…

消极影响

  Language is also bound up with culture, so it is difficult to preserve one without the other. /the loss of diversity may also deprive us of different ways of looking at the world.

保护它们

Preservation can bring a language back from the dead/ they are examples of languages that have survived in written form and then been revived by later generations.

 

当烤鸭们笔记写到这样的程度就可以将以上内容按照三个段落书写并填充相关的内容,甚至还可以百度一下全球一些国家在这些方面做的比较出色的例子。

同理对于剑桥7的那篇文章,烤鸭们发现全文讲了两个大的方面:水资源匮乏所带来的问题及其如何应对。那么烤鸭们如果在备考时正好做过相关的读书笔记,那么真是志在必得。

 

请看所带来的问题:

yet there is a dark picture/ more than one billion people lack access to clean drinking water/ preventable water-related disease kill an estimated 10,000 children every day/ more than 20% of all fresh water fish species are threatened or endangered because dams and reservoirs have destroyed the free-flowing river system where they thrive/ groundwater aquifers are being pumped down faster than they are naturally replenished

 

相关措施:

people have figured out how to use water efficiently/ thanks to a range of technologies that help to conserve water in homes and industry/ communities are rethinking their priorities for water use.

运用这两段的笔记内容,就可以顺利完成写作了。

 写作是一个厚积薄发的过程,是一项将积累释放于一时的过程。积累越深厚,释放就越精彩;积累越科学,释放就越有效。读书是积累的一种有效的形式。我们说积累是写作的源泉和基础,因为写作需要你具有以下能力:

1、发现、收集素材的能力;

2、阅读分析消化能力;

3、整理归纳能力;

这些能力的综合水平决定了你的写作能力的高低。