姓 名:
性 别:
英语水平:
课程意向:
留 学 国 家:  
试题发送邮箱:
您的手机号码:

开班课程

广州朗阁培训中心
  • 广州校区
    400-888-2421
    广州市天河区天河路490号壬丰大厦西塔711室
当前位置: 首页 > 雅思频道 > 雅思写作 >

雅思写作中如何做到同义替换(一)


摘要:在雅思写作当中的同义异形词主要就是考察学生的词汇量,主要靠大家通过联想记忆习得的高频词汇。一种含义在不同情况下会有不同的英语表达,在雅思写作中如何正确做到同义替换呢,一起来看一下。 大家在写作中最常出现的是第三人称的人们这个词汇,基本上每篇作文都要有

 

在雅思写作当中的同义异形词主要就是考察学生的词汇量,主要靠大家通过联想记忆习得的高频词汇。一种含义在不同情况下会有不同的英语表达,在雅思写作中如何正确做到同义替换呢,一起来看一下。

大家在写作中最常出现的是第三人称的“人们“这个词汇,基本上每篇作文都要有主人公,一半以上都是普通大众,那么写作中大家是如何使用的呢?除了用 people”,还使用其它词汇吗?

people = individuals = person = man = human = human being = masses = crowd = throng = mob = the general population

这些词汇都是“人们”的意思,只有轻微差别

如:

masses(含褒义)是指ordinary people 大众;

crowd(中性)是指a large group of people

 gathered close to one anotherthe mass of people, especially those

considered to be drearily ordinary or anonymous也是大众,也有拥挤的人群的意思;

Throng(文学)是指a crowd of people or animals; mob(贬义)就指暴民了,a large or disorderly crowd especially one bent on violent action

下面我们来体会一下这些同义词在写作中的不同的例子:

Example:

1. old buildings with historic importance serve as

mementos of mementos events, famous persons (people), or national

spirit.(建筑类话题)

2. Culture is a multiplied domain consisting of

language, clothing, foods, customs and so on, for which mixed cultures

in one county not only enlarge individual’s (people’s) vision, but also

enrich their culture.(文化类话题)

3. With the upgrading of human beings

(people)’ living standard, domestic products and native events can no

longer meet their needs.(生活类话题)

4. Men (people) are not ready for the age of artificial intelligence.(科技类话题)

5. It is the government that should do anything to protect the interests of masses.(政府类话题)

6. Too much exposing of crime details increase the worry about the disquieting society among crowd.(犯罪类话题)

7. Reducing the working time was highly supported by the jubilant throng.(工作生活类)

8. Crimes are sometimes committed by people who are in poverty, not mobs.(犯罪类)

再举一个常用例子:“重要的”这个词也是大家在作文中经常使用到的一个高频词汇,基本上每篇文章都要扯到某某东西或者某某人很重要,那么大家一般除了使用 important 之外还使用什么词汇呢?

important = significant = critical = crucial = urgent = indispensable = essential = necessary = requisite = vital = momentous = noteworthy

这些同义词意思上也是有轻微差别的:

critical是指:having the potential to become disastrous; at a point of crisis至关重要到有可能变灾难

necessary是指:required to be done, achieved

urgent是指:requiring immediate action or attention

indispensable是指:absolutely necessary

essential是指:extremely important

requisite是指:made necessary by particular circumstance or regulations.(比较正式)

momentous是指:of utmost importance

Example:

1. Handwritings of a person are significant (important) for it makes letters precious and memorable.(科技类话题)

2. It is necessary importantto come up with a remedy to make up for the damages we have done to the nature.(环境类话题)

3. Surveillance on students study, especially young children, is indispensable.(教育类话题)

4. Food is essential (important) for our human beings.(生活类话题)

5. The flood waters had not receded and the situation was still critical.(环境类话题)

6. It is most urgent that government should allocate enough money on medical care for dying patients.(政府类话题)

7.

 Company should pay the requisite fee, if it would like to participate

on the scientific research the government launched.(科技类话题)

8. Whether the momentous decision was wise or foolish will be long debated by historians.(文化类话题)

以上是两个同义异形词的例子,当然雅思写作中有很多这样的高频词汇的同义异形词总结,非常常用

如:

1. example=instance=case=sample=illustration=specimen例子

2. explain=interpret=illustrate=clarity=account说明

3. famous=noted=prominent=outstanding=notorious=eminent=notable著名的

4. forecast=foretell=predict=foresee预示

5. harmony=agreement=concord=unity=accord和谐

6. infer=deduce=conclude=gather=judge推断

温馨提示:大家在准备同义异形词的时候首先要按照它们的意思分类,然后一定要注意它们之间细微的差别,这样才能保证写作既不会有重复的词汇又不会出差错。