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【名师预测】2016年2-3月新托福写作考题预测


摘要:2016 年首考( 1 月 9 号),刚刚结束。这季度( 1 月 -4 月)的雅思口语题库也差不多完全浮现。总结这次变题首考,看起来没有什么大型变动的口语考试架构其实出现了翻天覆地的变化。如果考生没注意,很有可能白白丢失宝贵的分数。 这些变化之前有数据去支持吗?答案是

 

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? In the past, it was easier to identify what type of career or job would lead to a secure and successful future.

1Sample Answer

I definitely agree with this. It’s hard to know what jobs will lead to security and success these days. In the past, jobs were more defined and permanent, people were not encouraged to be so individualistic, and the internet was not around. Things were more straightforward back then. 

I feel like jobs and careers used to be much more defined than they are now. You were a clearly a “teacher” or a “firefighter” or a “doctor” and so on. You would choose your career path and stay at the same job for decades. And although that still happens for some people, for others it is more complicated. Someone might work at a factory and then get laid-off, work as an assistant manager at a construction company for three years, then become an advisor in the chemistry department at a university. Careers are more fluid and the question “What do you do?” becomes harder to answer. With things changing so often, it can be hard to know which path will bring security and success. If your job changes often, so does your salary.
 
We’re also encouraged to be more individualistic than we were in the past. Not everyone has the mentality of needing to get a good job immediately and stay there for years. People are encouraged to follow their dreams. That can lead to leaps of faith and trying out new ventures where you have no clue what the money will be like.
 

People find jobs and work over the internet now, as well, when they didn’t use to. If you’re working odd hours online, rather than a regular 9 to 5 job, it can be difficult to know what your income is going to be. Once again, everything changes all the time. Maybe you’ll get lucky and find projects that lead to more secure jobs, but maybe not. It’s tricky to know what will have good results. In conclusion, I agree that it’s more difficult these days to know what jobs will lead to a secure future. Jobs are less permanent and defined now, people make all sorts of random choices because they are following their individual dreams, and the internet can contain jobs that have uncertain hours and positions.
 

 

 

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The rapid growth of cities has a mostly positive impact on the development of the society.

2Sample Answer

I agree that the growth of cities and urban areas ultimately has a positive impact on society. Larger numbers of varied people living close together can give them more empathy and make people more open-minded toward each other. Larger institutions and companies thrive in cities, providing opportunity and jobs. Finally, despite worries of shrinking natural landscapes, cities and nature can still co-exist quite well. 

From my experience, it seems that prejudice and ignorance can sometimes grow in isolated areas. There are people that have lived in small towns their entire lives and have only known people that are extremely similar to them, therefore finding it easier to judge and dislike those that are different from them. With urban growth, more and more people from all different backgrounds live close together. This forces them to confront prejudices they may have had and instead see their new neighbors as individuals, not stereotypes. That surely is better for society than blind and ignorant hatred.
 

Also, it’s mostly in cities that you find big institutions like universities and companies. There’s a reason why cities often have so many skyscrapers; they contain the offices of huge businesses! There’s something comforting about knowing, when searching for a job, that there are plentiful opportunities in institutions that have hundreds of employees and positions. One feels like they’re in a thriving environment with a bright future. The growth of cities only intensifies that.
 

I know that some people think of urban expansion as a bad thing because they picture the destruction of nature being a part of the process. But it doesn’t have to be that way! The area of the earth is so massive, even compared to the most giant of urban areas. It would take an immense amount of development and building to even begin to overwhelm the natural beauty. There will always be nature, especially with the national parks and reserves that are already in place and cannot be touched. Society will get to enjoy the best of both worlds.
 

So, overall I believe the rapid growth of cities benefits society. People become more open-minded though close interaction with others that are different from them, big businesses provide a multitude of jobs, and nature is still able to be bountiful. It’s the type of progress we can embrace.
 

 

 

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? One can learn a lot about a person from the types of friends this person has.

3Sample Answer

Many people argue that people with the same or similar traits are usually more likely to be associated with each other. From this perspective, it seems plausible that we can judge a person by looking at what kind of friends he or she has. However, from my personal observation, such a belief may not be impeccable.

True, people with similar concerns tend to be more closely related to each other. On a higher level, this fact is also true with countries. Back to the Cold War, countries with similar social system fell into two major categories: the capitalist west led by US and the socialist east led by USSR. By looking at a country’s alliances, people could easily know what kind of country it was. On a lower level, people with similar social status or interests are more inclined to hang out together because their ways of life are subjected to similar factors (such as money and time) they share: housewives may become acquainted with housewives in the supermarkets; millionaires knows their kindred spirits in a luxurious golf club. However, I still challenge the idea that we can really know about people by what kind of friends they have.

In the first place, the personalities of a person can be multifaceted and it is too simple to appraise him or her based on the friends he or she has. On different occasions, a person can behave totally differently; a seemingly serious person may act casually privately and vice versa and thus have totally different kinds of friends. Take my uncle Jeff for example. My uncle Jeff is a professor in a top university and he has a lot of friends in academic circle. From this fact, many people may judge that Jeff is a martinet, like many of the cynics living in the ivory tower. However, privately, he is a big fan of comic books and also has bunch of “fanzine” friends who are usually dressed in costumes.

Secondly, people with different social status may also end up being close friends for various reasons. Thus, the information about them we get by looking at their friends may not be accurate. In the famous sitcom “Friends”, 6 people of different social background and distinctive characteristics become closely related. We may never know who Joey Tribbiani, a broke actor, is by looking at his friend Ross Geller, a paleontologist. Thus, it is somewhat naïve to say that knowing a person’s friends can help us really know a person.

I concede that great minds and humble minds both think alike but it is also true that “the great” can sometimes be “humble” and the belief that knowing a person’s friends is knowing a person is not tenable.